Chapter 32. The Appreciation of Merit

The Appreciation of Merit


Anumodana’ is the mental, verbal, and physical appreciation upon others’ meritorious deeds.  This allows one to earn additional merit from making one’s mind wholesome and meritorious.  Some may mistaken that ‘anumodana’ is the situation when the merit appreciator receives a part of shared merit from the appreciated, so the appreciated loses merit energy in exchange for the appreciator’s earning.  In fact, the merit earned from anumodana is not from sharing, but from the mutual increase of merit from the meritorious minds of both the appreciator and the appreciated.


Merit Earned from Appreciating Others’ Merit =

[(Total Merit of the Merit Maker) x (A%)] + [(Total Merit of the Merit Maker) x (B%)]

(A%) = more or less of 5% to 15% which depends on:
[The Completeness of Acknowledgment by the Appreciated (Quality of Action + Speech + Mind)]

(B%) = more or less of 5 % to 15% which depends on:
[The Completeness of Appreciation by the Appreciator (Quality of Action + Speech + Mind)]

            According to our equation, there are two major variables which are (1) the quality of action, speech, and mind of the appreciated, and (2) the quality of action, speech, and mind of the appreciator.  The quality is in the form of percentage which can be more or less depending on many contributing factors.  Whereas the quality of commoners can be figured around 5 to 15%, advanced meditators who can do merit appreciation with their powerful and pure minds are capable of increasing the quality to 20 to 60%, more or less.  The variables are calculated based on the total original merit volume earned by the merit maker.  This means that if the more original merit earned, the more additional merit can be possibly earned from appreciation.

When one thinks, speaks, and acts in an appreciative way upon others’ merit, the Karma Programme which governs the universes  will process the inputs of wholesome appreciative thought, speech, and action, proportionately to the volume and intensity of original merit owner.  Then, the additional merit energy is calculated, withdrawn from the source, and transferred to the appreciator.  As such, the merit appreciator earns merit without having to do the merit by oneself, but mostly the merit earned from appreciation is not powerful like the merit energy earned by the merit makers because of more ‘dhatu’ or elements. 

In the same manner, the merit maker, who welcomes, acknowledges, and responds to the physical, verbal, and mental merit appreciation of the merit appreciator, will earn additional merit energy for himself because his mind is additionally meritorious.  Thus, the merit is mutually earned whereas the appreciator can earn as much as 1 to 80% of the original volume of merit depending on various factors such as the quality and intensity of the appreciator’s appreciative physical, verbal, and mental expressions and conditions as well as the quality and intensity of the appreciated’s pleasing & welcoming physical, verbal, and mental expressions and conditions.


by Pirajak Tisuthiwongse

(former name & pen-name:
Pirajak Suwapatdecha, Pittaya Tisuthiwongse, Pittaya Wong)


First Version: 16 June 2020

Latest Revision: 28 June 2021